AttestedVenutio at position 182 in the Ravenna Cosmography

Where:  Near Peebles in the Scottish borders, where there was a Roman fort at Hallyne NT18784056, some nearby marching camps at Lyne NT203408, another fort across the river at Easter Happrew, plus a native hillfort on Hamildean Hill.

Name Origin:  An element *ven- often suggests a meaning of ‘family, kindred’, from PIE *wen- ‘to love’, as Rivet & Smith spelled out on p491 while discussing the people called Ουενικονες, but it is not obvious how that would apply here in such a strongly Roman context.  Maybe one should think of the goddess Venus and a religious site, or of Latin venio ‘to come’ and a transport hub.  Probably the best etymology comes from Latin venus ‘sale’, which readily compounded so that vendo ‘give for sale’ came from venum+do and veneo ‘go on sale’ came from venum+eo.  So perhaps *venutium was a collective noun from venus, in other words a market.  Best of all, maybe *ven- is just the ancient word for (grape)vine, here applied to a bendy river, which would suit the location, with a banal Latin noun ending -utio.

Notes:  Tacitus mentioned a king of the Brigantes called Venutius, estranged from his wife Cartimandua.

You may copy this text freely, provided you acknowledge its source as, recognise that it is liable to human error, and try to offer suggestions for improvement.
Last edited 6 September 2021     to main Menu