AttestedSmetri at position 168 in the Ravenna Cosmography

Where:  In the flood plain of the river Nith, near the Roman forts of Dalswinton and Carzield, around NX951833, just north of modern Dumfries.  At this point in its list of places the Cosmography is heading south from Cambroianna (Drumlanrig) down the Nith, towards Uxela (near Caerlaverock) on the Solway Firth.

Name origin:  ‘Smoothery’, from a precursor of Old English smeşe ‘smooth’, which refers to flat, level ground in a dozen or so English place names, while the collective suffix –ry, seen in words like gentry, resembles the ending –ri.  Presumably due to Roman troops of Dutch/Belgian origin, as revealed, for example, by the inscription fortvnae coh i nervana germanor m eq found at Birrens.

Notes:  In later place names smeşe sometimes got reinterpreted into smith, so maybe Smithtown, near Dalswinton preserves a memory of Smetri.  This analysis overrules a previous suggestion of ‘smithery’, like Dutch smederij.  The best places for the Roman army to make its iron tools, weapons, and horse sandals would be dictated mainly by transport links, since iron bloomeries could operate almost anywhere there was timber to make charcoal.  Macadam (1887) mentioned that numerous sites of ancient iron-making were said to be near Ecclefechan, but he could obtain no precise sites.  R&S could see no parallels better than Ptolemy's Σμερται people, far away in northern Scotland.

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Last edited 5 August 2022    To main Menu