Attested: Lectoceto at position 94 in the Ravenna Cosmography; #etoceto on iter 2 of the Antonine Itinerary
Where: The Roman settlement at a crossroads on Watling Street at Wall, Staffordshire, SK099065. Nearby Lichfield was its Mercian successor.
Name Origin: The first element was probably Latin laetus ‘joyful, pleasant’ or lectus ‘chosen, rather than letum ‘death’. The second element was common in ancient place names as catu- ‘lowland valley, basin’, related to Greek κατα ‘downwards’. It seems to have evolved into (or become confused with) Welsh coed ‘wood’and English heath, but also into a place-name element *chet related to kettle. A translation similar to ‘happy valley’ fits the local topography and agricultural productivity, plus Bede's AD 731 name Licidfeld ‘liked field’ for Lichfield.
Notes: A proposed Celtic explanation as ‘grey wood’ is not convincing.
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Last edited 26 April 2023 To main Menu