Attested: Ptolemy 2,3,10 Γαδηνοι (not in all manuscripts) Often quoted in Latinised form as Gadeni.
Where: People in the Scottish borders, possibly around Jedburgh.
Name Origin: Probably a scribal error for the Ωταδινοι. PIE *ghedh- ‘to unite, to join’ developed strongly in Germanic languages, for example to Flemish gaden ‘to please, to belong with’ and to English gather.
Notes: The element Caed-, which was common in Anglo-Saxon personal names (but often alleged to come from a Celtic root meaning ‘battle’) and one of the twelve tribes of Israel called Gad have been mentioned as possibly related.
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Last edited 20 March 2020 To main Menu