AttestedEirimon at position 300 in the Ravenna Cosmography

Where:  An island or islands off western Scotland, possibly Lewis and Harris, the main island of the Outer Hebrides.

Name Origin:  Richmond and Crawford drew attention to Greek ερημος ‘desolate, lonely, uninhabited’, from PIE *erə- ‘separate’ (from which came the word hermit).  Alternatively, Delamarre (2017 pp251-254) expanded on his earlier idea that ancient *eri- meant ‘behind’ or ‘western’, surviving in Irish íar ‘back end’ and possibly in English arse.  Then *erimon might mean ‘western hill’ in the same way as Ηριδανος was the ‘western river’ of northern Europe.

Notes:  The Outer Hebrides have been inhabited since at least the Neolithic.

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Last edited 15 May 2022     To main Menu