Attested: Statio (or Stadio) deventiasteno at position 11 in the Ravenna Cosmography
Where: The large Roman camp recently discovered at Roche, Cornwall, near SW9960, probably supervised the collection and taxing of Cornish tin.
Name origin: Latin statio ‘station, base’ tended to mean a government office, especially one involved in taxation. Deventia- might come from devenio ‘to come’ but debeo ‘to owe’ (the source of our word debenture) is more likely, with the usual near interchangeability of V and B. And –steno resembles stannum ‘tin’, which is claimed to derive via Celtic from PIE *steh2- ‘to stand’. Most ancient tin came from the western fringe of Europe (such as Cornwall), where current thinking suggests that the Celtic languages were born.
Notes: Richmond & Crawford reported Williams' suggestion that deventia came from PIE *dei- ‘to shine, god’ and that –steno had been mangled from –ensis. Not convincing.
You may copy this text freely, provided you acknowledge its source as www.romaneranames.uk, recognise that it is liable to human error, and try to offer suggestions for improvement.
Last edited 1 February 2023 To main Menu.