Attested: Statio (or Stadio) deventiasteno at position 11 in the Ravenna Cosmography
Where: The small Roman fort at Restormel, Cornwall, near the river Fowey, at SX10256108. It probably served to collect and tax Cornish tin.
Name origin: Latin statio ‘station, base’ tended to mean a government office, especially one involved in taxation. Deventia- might come from devenio ‘to come’ but debeo ‘to owe’ (the source of our word debenture) is more likely, with the usual near interchangeability of V and B. And –steno resembles stannum ‘tin’, which is claimed to derive via Celtic from PIE *steh2- ‘to stand’. Most ancient tin came from the western fringe of Europe (such as Cornwall), where current thinking suggests that the Celtic languages were born.
Notes: Richmond & Crawford reported Williams' suggestion that deventia came from PIE *dei- ‘to shine, god’ and that –steno had been mangled from –ensis. Not convincing.
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Last edited 27 January 2023 To main Menu.