Credigone

AttestedCredigone at position 200 in the Ravenna Cosmography

Where:  The Roman fort at Whitemoss Farm, near Bishopton, NS41837210, overlooking the river Clyde from the south is slightly more likely than the fort at Old Kilpatrick, NS46007315, on the outskirts of Glasgow, where the Antonine Wall reached the banks of the Clyde.

Name origin:  The -gone part of the name evokes γωνια ‘corner, angle’, which was loaned into Latin in words such as polygonum, with many relatives, including knee.  That fits the sharp bend in the river Clyde at this point.  But what about the Credi- part? Latin credo ‘to trust’ is said to have originated from a sense of ‘place in the heart’, meaning that the deep root of words for ‘heart’ was something like *kred-, as preserved in Welsh craidd.

Notes:  By a small margin, Bishopton claims this name because ‘heart of the angle’ suggests the inside of the river bend, leaving Cibra to Old Kilpatrick.  The river Clyde was not much of a military obstacle, being then shallow and in places fordable, as described here.  Rivet & Smith called Credigone “etymologically inexplicable” and no other offered explanations seem at all credible.

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