AttestedColoneas in 2 manuscripts, Colonias in the third at position 33 in the Ravenna Cosmography.

Where:  Somewhere in northern Somerset, most likely at Gatcombe Roman small town on the outskirts of Bristol at ST525699, in a good place for retired soldiers to manage industrial production and food production for the Roman legionary base at Caerleon across the Severn estuary.

Name origin:  Based on Latin colonia ‘settlement’.

Notes:  See the general discussion of ancient names in Somerset here.  Gatcombe outranks previous guesses of Congresbury and Cadbury hillfort.

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