Attested:  Ptolemy 2,3,9 Κολανι(κ)α, a πολις of the Δαμνονιοι;  Colanica at position 195 in the Ravenna Cosmography

WhereCroy Hill Roman fort, second highest on the Antonine Wall, at NS733765, on a ridge overlooking the river Kelvin and low ground where the Forth and Clyde Canal now runs.

Name Origin:  Latin collis (hence adjective collinus), Greek κολωνη ‘hill’.  Cognates include English hill and Old English holm, but nothing obvious in Celtic.  The river name Kelvin has no certain etymology and might be a Gaelic re-interpretation of Colania.

Notes  A native hillfort, Castle Hill, may explain Ptolemy's πολις, which actually lies next to Bar Hill, the next fort along the Wall.  The rivers Kelvin and Carron largely determined the line of the Antonine Wall.

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Last edited 23 January 2023     To main Menu