AttestedCicutio at position 56 in the Ravenna Cosmography

WhereBrecon Roman fort at SO003297.

Name origin:  Greek κικυς ‘strength;’ obviously fits one of the largest Roman forts in Wales, and a parallel in the next name in the Cosmography, Magnis, in referring to the projection of Roman power..  It has no known etymology and only one clear descendant, Latin cicuta ‘water hemlock, dropwort’, Britain's most poisonous plant.

NotesCicuta was well known as a poison in the ancient world, perhaps best from the death of Socrates.  It has cognates in English kex, Russian цикута, and Welsh cegid, which shows up in later place names across Wales, often spelled cegyr.

You may copy this text freely, provided you acknowledge its source as, recognise that it is liable to human error, and try to offer suggestions for improvement.
Last edited 16 February 2023     To main Menu