Attested: Ugrulentum at position 208 in the Ravenna Cosmography
Where: Probably the Roman fortress at Inchtutil, Perthshire, centered at NO12513971, which was the lynch-pin of Roman military power north of the Antonine Wall, discussed well by Montesanti (2009).
Name origin: A compound of ὑγρος ‘wet’ (like hygro-) and Latin lentus ‘viscous, slow’, describing the fort's situation, on a platform beside the river Tay, with a lot of extra protection from boggy ground. This name is a curious Greek-Latin hybrid (like automobile and television); although both elements have obvious meanings, going back to PIE roots, neither has an exact cognate in the other language. See Lindum and Lenda for comments on the general squelchiness of L-named places.
Notes: Inchtutil's archaeology is unusually complete, but around Ugrulentum a series of names in the Cosmography need to be matched with a series of Roman sites, and a small change in assumptions could lead to a ripple of changes in name-to-place assignments along the Highland edge. The arguments in favour of Bograndium and Ugueste as high-status names suitable for a big fortress do not (at present) prevail.
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Last edited 20 November 2022 To main Menu