Attested: (1) Ptolemy 2,3,15 Δηουανα, a πολις of the Ταιξαλοι
(2) Devoni at position 215 in the Ravenna Cosmography
Where: (1) Kintore Roman camp at NJ78741623 on the river Dee inland from Aberdeen.
(2) Possibly at the site of the later (around AD 1100) Bass of Inverurie castle, in the confluence of the river Urie with the Don.
Name Origin: Endings like -ana or -ona often appeared on river names, and onno was assigned the meaning flumen ‘river’ in Endlicher's glossary of “Gaulish”. It is customary to explain deva as ‘deity’, but a word related to dew, from PIE *dheu- ‘to flow’ may be better.
Notes: Thanks to Bill Patterson for suggesting that Inverurie site as a good candidate for Ptolemy's πολις. Bigger hill-forts mostly lie further west. Δουηονα of Ptolemy 2,7,11, at modern Cahors in Roman Aquitania, is commonly emended to *Δηουονα and cited as a parallel.
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Last edited: 7 January 2020