Attested: Ptolemy 2,3,11 Κρεωνες
Where: Ptolemy listed six tribes living in northern Scotland from Kintyre to Caithness, with the Κρεωνες number three, apparently placing them in the western Highlands from Mull to Skye plus the adjacent mainland. His second name, Κερωνες, is so similar that it might be an accidental duplication, so a single people extended south, all the down way to Islay.
Name origin: Κρεων is a variant spelling of κρειων ‘ruler’, a word used in the Iliad of chieftains such as Agamemnon. It is surprising that Rivet and Smith wrote “there seem to be no analogues”, since *kreiə- ‘to be outstanding’ is recognised as a PIE root with descendants in Sanskrit, hence, for example, Sri Lanka.
Notes: Κρεωνες sounds like an outsiders’ comment on societies with strong military leaders. This makes one think of Highland clan chiefs or the Lord of the Isles, though the languages used by those parallels (Gaelic and Norse) are generally thought to have arrived after Roman times.
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